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Parts of a Pony  

 

What is the Difference Between a Horse and a Pony

The primary distinguishing factor of a horse from a pony is the animal's height. A mature pony will always measure less than 14 hands and two inches at the withers (a hand equals four inches) and a mature horse measures over 14.2. The difference between horses and pony can be a bit more complicated, however, as some short "pony breeds" such as Icelandics, are correctly referred to as horses, while in breeds like Morgans and Arabians, even a horse under 14.2 is considered a "horse". These breed differences are an exception to the rule, however, and generally the 14.2 rule applies to outline the difference between a horse and a pony.

A horse is a large-sized grazing mammal, highly domesticated and largely used by man for various purposes. Economically, it is one of the most viable domesticated animals.  

A male horse is called a stallion and a female is called a mare. A young horse is called a foal.

A pony is used to refer to a particular breed of a small horse. It is of northern European descent. Its size measures less than 14.2 hands high at the topmost point on the back, i.e. the withers.

How can you tell a pony from a horse?

The main difference is this: a pony stands 14.2 hands high (58 in. or 147 cm.) or less at the withers, and a horse is 14.2 hands or taller.

Actually, there is more to it than that. Exceptions to the rule include larger ponies, such as the
Pony of the America or the high-stepping Welsh Cob, who can exceed 14.2 hands in stature at maturity. In addition, certain horses may mature to shorter heights than their breed standards - but that does not make them ponies.

In fact,
Falabellas, Caspians, and other miniature equine breeds are actually classified as horses, although they may be considerably smaller than most ponies. And Arabian horses may occasionally be shorter than 14.2 hands, but they are still horses.

Do ponies look different from horses?

Ponies tend to have thicker and coarser manes and tails and a heavier coat than most breeds of horses. Also, ponies usually have shorter, and sometimes stockier, legs, wider barrels, and thicker necks. Ponies' skeletal structures are often sturdier than many horse breeds, with heavier bones, although delicate pony breeds exist. Ponies may have smaller, broader heads than horses as well.

Because ponies are often short, but sturdy, they can make excellent pack animals, and they are often ideal for pulling small carts and carriages.
Hackney ponies are often successful in driving classes at horse shows because of their athleticism and precision stepping.

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